Conditions for the Internationalisation of Higher Education: Between Inclusion and Exclusion in a Globalised World

Alma Arcelia Ramírez Iñiguez


This article presents an analysis of the elements that enable or hinder the development of higher education institutions within an international environment, taking into account the particularity of the different social contexts and purposes of higher education. To this end, the concept of globalisation and its characteristics are analysed. Specific emphasis is placed on the processes of inclusion and exclusion that it has generated and its impact on educational actions. In addition, the aims of higher education and its transformation as a result of a technologically connected world and increasingly pluralistic societies are discussed. Thus, this analysis delineates the relationship between globalisation and internationalisation of higher education. In conclusion it identifies the indicators for the inclusion of institutions in international dynamics, considering not only their internal conditions, but also those related to the society in which they operate. In other words, this article presents an approach to internationalisation that involves institutional, cultural, social, economic and educational factors that facilitate or hinder integration into the global world.


globalisation; higher education; internationalisation; inclusion; exclusion



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